John rawls b 1921 d 2002 was an american political philosopher in the liberal tradition his theory of justice as fairness describes a society of free citizens holding equal basic rights and cooperating within an egalitarian economic system his theory of political liberalism explores the legitimate use of political power in a democracy and envisions how civic unity might endure despite . A theory of justice is a 1971 work of political philosophy and ethics by the philosopher john rawls in which the author attempts to provide a moral theory alternative to utilitarianism and that addresses the problem of distributive justice the socially just distribution of goods in a society the theory uses an updated form of kantian philosophy and a variant form of conventional social . In two works a theory of justice published in 1971 and justice as fairness published in 2002 he claimed to have identified one such pattern valued both for its intrinsic legitimacy and its instrumental efficiency rawls did not use webers labels but made webers distinction he relabeled social action institutions to identify . Justice cannot be explained without these equality principles which themselves only receive their normative significance in their role as principles of justice formal and proportional equality is simply a conceptual schema it needs to be made precise ie its open variables need to be filled out the formal postulate remains empty as long as it is unclear when or through what features . History of ideas is a podcast sharing talks by david runciman in which he explores some of the most important thinkers and prominent ideas lying behind modern politics in this second series from rousseau to rawls from inequality to hypocrisy and from pleasure to anarchy the new series is about the attempt to take the mask off modern politics and reveal whats really going on these
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